Common Understanding Wiki
A Common Knowledge Source of Terms and Definitions
Distributed Systems Technology
Hypertext Transfer Protocol #
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the web. HTTP functions as a request-response protocol in the client-server computing model. A web browser, for example, may be the client and an application running on a computer hosting a web site may be the server. The client submits an HTTP request message to the server. The server, which provides resources such as HTML files and other content, or performs other functions on behalf of the client, returns a response message to the client. The response contains completion status information about the request and may also contain requested content in its message body
Transport Layer Security and Secure Socket Layer (SSL) #
Used for encrypting traffic between web servers and browsers.